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An IP address is a unique number that devices in a network using the Internet Control Protocol (Internet Protocol) standard use to recognize, communicate and exchange data. Each device with an Internet connection must have an address assigned to this device. This address or number ensures that the transmitted information is sent to the correct address, or that the data is retrieved from the correct address.
There are two types of Internet Protocols currently in use and being tested: IPv4 and IPv6.
This is the standard Internet protocol currently in use and consists of 32 bits, in other words 4 digits of eight bits. These numbers range from 0 to 255. An address in the IPv4 protocol can be any number from 184.108.40.206 to 255.255.255.255. More than 4 billion addresses can be generated using this protocol.
IPv4 Address: 220.127.116.11
However, because IP addresses are allocated in blocks, many IP address ranges are not available, so a larger IP address is needed depending on the increasing number of network users. IPv6 was born of this need. Unlike IPv4, IPv6 is 128 bits wide, which means 2128, or 3 x 1038 unique addresses.
IPv6 Address: 2606:4700:30::681b:807d
The IP address or number is widely used in a wide range of areas, from criminals tracking to online sales and marketing. By looking at the IP number, it is possible to specify the country, city, latitude and longitude and ISP (Internet Service Provider). For this purpose, there is a need for program codes that will receive data such as country, city and ISP corresponding to large databases and IP number of tens of thousands of IP numbers.
Today, there are companies in the world that create and update such large databases regularly. However, in order to benefit from such data, it is necessary to pay a substantial amount of monthly subscription fees.
A valuable visitor asks us if the exact ID, phone and address information from the IP address can be reached. We thought that a general knowledge would be more useful if there were questions of the same kind.
The only thing you can do about this is that if you're facing an abuse or Internet crime, you should contact the service provider's unit for abuse because the address information is only available in their records. You can also make this determination through prosecution offices.
Before looking at the difference between LAN and WAN IP addresses in a network device, let us briefly summarize what LAN and WAN are. One way to compare different computer network structures is to look at the scope or scale (size) of these structures. In terms of our subject, we can talk about the following two types of networks:
It is possible to add more people to them, but we will define these two types:
n the case of LAN, the network-enabled device connects to other network-enabled devices at a relatively short distance. There is usually only one LAN in an office, school, company or home network. In a TCP/IP network, LAN is often applied as a single IP subnet. However, the Internet is not required for the LAN to the outside world. The LAN can be a small network that connects two or three computers, or a network in which thousands of terminals are connected in a large company. In such networks, applications and data storage are usually located on the server and shared by multiple computer users.
Telephone lines, cables, satellite receivers, radio waves, etc. a communication network using such devices. As its name implies, WAN covers a wide geographical area. The Internet that surrounds the whole world is the biggest WAN today. As a structure, we can think of WAN as a network of geographically distributed LANs. The connection between the LAN and the WAN provides a network device called a router. In IP networks, the router has both a LAN address and a WAN address.
Internet users typically use a LAN and connect to the Internet WAN with the help of an Internet Service Provider using a broadband modem. The ISP allocates a WAN IP address to the modem, while the connection between the modem and the computer is provided with a LAN (ie private) IP address.
Therefore, the LAN IP address and WAN IP address difference can be summarized as follows.
The connection diagram can be expressed as follows:
Computer <- LAN IP (Computer) -> <-LAN IP (Router) -> Router <-----> WAN IP (Internet).
To sum up, LAN IP and WAN IP have the same function. Both enable network-enabled devices to communicate with each other and exchange data. The only difference is that one is limited to a smaller area and a smaller number of devices, while the other (WAN) is spread over a wider geography.
A static IP address is an IP address assigned by the service provider that you specify by hand configuration in the case of a LAN IP address, or in the case of a WAN IP address. Each computer on the Internet has an address and this address is determined by the IP number. Static IP addresses are often used by Internet servers (for example, web sites). In practical terms, IP addresses of Internet users do not need to be static.
A dynamic IP address is an Internet Service Provider (ISP) in the case of a WAN IP address, and an IP address that is temporarily assigned to each device by DHCP when in the case of a LAN IP address. Most likely, your WAN IP address is also dynamic. If you re-connect to this site by disconnecting and reconnecting to the Internet, you may see your IP number changed. The WAN IP address of most individual users is dynamic in this way.
The only way to find out if your IP address is static or dynamic is to ask your Internet Service Provider (ISP) or network administrator. If you are a normal home user, your IP address will usually be dynamic. A static IP address is charged separately. Therefore, if you are using static IP, your Internet service invoice may also have a static IP usage fee. Paths other than this are uncertain and may change.
If you want to know whether your local (LAN) IP address is static or dynamic, this is an easy way. If you have manually entered (manually) an IP address in the network configuration (not "Auto Receive", "Use"), your local IP address is static. This rule applies immediately to all operating systems.
In Windows, the IP address is dynamic if the DHCP server appears to be active when you type ipconfig/all on the Start> Run> cmd command line and press Enter. If not, it is static. You will see the following information about the local (LAN) IP address:
These dates indicate that the local (LAN) ip address is dynamically assigned and can be changed on the specified date, ie the local IP address is dynamic.
However, this command does not say anything about the WAN IP address in general, the information received.
Try changing your IP address as described on the IP Replacement page. If it changes, it is absolutely dynamic. If not, it may be static. Try changing it from time to time, for example, by turning your computer off in the evening and turning it on in the morning. If, after this type of experiment, it still has not changed, it may be static.
"How do I change my IP address?" is one of the most frequently asked questions. Users want to change IP for one or more reasons. At the beginning of these, especially on sites such as rapidshare, free download to be limited by IP address time and the user wants to get rid of this time limit, or some games, etc. sites to ban user IP for one reason or another.
If your IP address is static, the only way to change your IP address is to request an IP address change from your Internet service provider (ISP). In fact, I have no idea whether such a request will be answered. The following methods apply to the dynamic IP address.
First, make a note of your IP number from the MyIP.red page.
Perhaps the most practical way to change the IP address is to temporarily turn off the modem device. To do so, press and hold the modem's power button for several minutes, then turn it on again. If your modem is an integrated modem, it may be necessary to turn the computer off and on completely. For dynamic IP users, this one-two-minute power off and on is usually sufficient. Turn off your modem and turn it on again after a few minutes. Once the connection is established, you will see your IP number changed when you check the MyIP.red page. If not, keep it closed for longer. For example, you can turn the modem off in the evening and turn it on in the morning.
On the computer connected directly to your modem
If this doesn't work, try the following option:
On the computer connected directly to your modem
Finally, check whether the IP number has changed or not on the MyIP.red page.
Before moving on to IP address hiding methods, it is useful to clarify something. In IP hiding people often get the wrong blood as if they were "invisible". However, it is not always possible to conceal the general IP address of a WAN in a technical sense in a home network. Just as it is impossible for an unverified letter to reach its place, a complete hiding of the IP address of a networked device will make the device invisible, but in this case it will be impossible to use it online.
On the other hand, in general, it is possible to hide the WAN IP address in many cases from prying eyes and from most Internet servers (or websites). However, if you are on a home network and you intend to hide a rope for an activity considered as a crime by law, and if the act is subject to a prosecution, it is useful to know that there is no such thing as an absolute secret.
IP You can request the following:
IP Suppression Methods
The most common method of hiding an IP address is to use one or such a proxy server. A proxy server is a computer network service that provides indirect network connectivity that allows users to access other network services. In other words, the proxy server, the website you want to contact with, etc. function as an intermediary. You send your request to the proxy server, the room itself as you want the content itself and gives you. The target site (forum, game site, download site, blog, content site, etc.) where the content is located sees the proxy server as you request. By hiding your own WAN IP address, you reach your targeted content. For this purpose, usually web-based proxy servers are used. Some of these proxy servers are free of charge and offer anonymous surfing, some are more advanced and provide a higher level of anonymity and money.
Another proxy method that can be used for IP hiding is the proxy servers configured with the Internet browser. For this purpose, you must configure the proxy settings of your Internet browser. On the net, there are servers that offer free proxy services via browser configuration, and google is an example.
Software designed for this purpose can also be used to hide IP. These software are free, as well as those that can be purchased with a one-time payment, or that can be purchased as a monthly/annual subscription for a specific fee. These proxy software can usually be faster and more reliable.
It helps protect your identity and data on public networks such as VPN, that is, virtual private network, Internet and wireless access points. To this end, various protocols are used to create a cryptic type of tunnel for the safe transmission of data. You can compare this to the firewall you use on some kind of computer. Just as the firewall protects your data on your computer, the VPN will protect your data on the Internet. In fact, VPN provides security at a lower cost than private networks.
DNS, ie Domain Name System, is a hierarchically distributed naming system for computers, services, or resources connected to the Internet or to a private network. To put it simply, it is a system that matches the numerical addresses (ie IP addresses) that are easily understood by people and can be understood by computers. In a sense, DNS is a system created for people, not computers.
Let's explain this with an example. Imagine that all the district, neighborhood, street and street addresses in New York are all numbers. How hard it would be to remember, wouldn't it? Or, if you would have access to all the sites you have entered on the Internet by knowing their name by entering their IP addresses, how much would you remember? For example you would have to write 18.104.22.168 instead of google.com. That's not the only challenge to deal with numbers. Domain names are usually covered by the content of the field, the name of the company serving in that field, and so on. Because it carries a meaningful relationship, it is easier to remember.
The Domain Name System converts domain name queries that are meaningful to people into IP addresses to find computer services and devices associated with that domain. As in the example above, when you type google.com, the system will find the corresponding IP address and direct you to that address, the computer, the system, the server, etc. allows you to reach.
DDNS, ie Dynamic DNS, is a term used to keep the DNS configuration of domain names and addresses updated in real time by updating the domain name System (DNS) name servers. With dynamic DNS, a specific domain name or a given name is given to the server, device, etc. becomes accessible even if the ip address changes. Dynamic DNS updates the DNS server with new or changed records without human intervention. A unique name, device, server, etc. is often associated with IP addresses that can be changed.
Dynamic DNS works in the same way as DNS; the difference is that DNS works with static IP addresses, whereas Dynamic DNS works with both static IP addresses and supports dynamic, ie, changed IP addresses, which is assigned by a DHCP server, for example. This makes DDNS ideal for home or small networks that receive an alternating dynamic global (WAN) IP address from the Internet provider.
Internet and domain-related services users use routers, gateways and computer systems to update and keep the DNS server information up-to-date to ensure that the Internet works properly and provides uninterrupted access to servers and services that are able to change digital IP addresses. This update process is called dynamic DNS update. Users connected to the Internet via an Internet Service Provider (ISP) are assigned a digital IP address by the ISP. This address may change from one session to another (dynamic IP address), which may be fixed (static IP address). Otherwise, a digital address may not be appropriate if access to a computer from another point (from a remote location) is necessary, for example, it may change when the computer is turned off and turned on. For example, suppose you need to access your home computer from a remote location. If your computer's address is known, it can be accessed via a VPN, or via a remote control program, such as a VNC server. The way to do this is to use a name server.
Let's say you want to access your computer remotely. You can access your computer remotely by taking advantage of an organization that provides Dynamic DNS services with no money or no net. Your dynamic DNS service provider allocates a unique, static domain name to your computer. A software that you install on your computer or network reports the changes to the IP address immediately to the Dynamic DNS provider, so that the provider's DNS records are updated, and the new relationship between the domain name and address is sent to Internet DNS servers, so that the new relationship updated in DNS queries is used and access to your computer is provided.
DNS spoofing, DNS cache poisoning, or domain name system (DNS) poisoning, adding data to the cache database of a Domain Name System (DNS) name server, or modifying the data there to change the name server's false IP addresses, and it is often an attack that leads to the attacker's computer.
When the user tries to navigate to a page (Internet address) on your computer, the request is directed to a different address. At that point, the user's computer can be loaded with worms, spyware, Web browser hacker programs, or other malicious software, or the user is trapped in a site similar to the site he or she is trying to navigate to, but may be trapped.
For example let's say you have an account in Citibank and you want to enter your account over the Internet. If your DNS cache is poisoned, that is, if the IP addresses of the entries in the cache are changed, you think you are actually entering your account in the bank, you will actually enter the Bad Account account that the attacker has prepared and your bank passwords, etc. you lose sensitive personal information. If your attacker is sufficiently skilled, and you are not careful enough, your account in your bank may become vacant.
But DNS poisoning is not just for bank accounts. Your email accounts may also be under similar threat. You can also stack your site on your computer, stack up malware, virus, etc. You can install. To avoid all of these, you must take precautions against DNS poisoning.
DNS cache poisoning can be prevented by two simple ways.
DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
DHCP is a network configuration protocol for hosts (ie, devices connected to the network) on networks that are connected to the Internet Protocol (IP). Whether it is a computer on a local network, a printer, or any other device, each device connected to the network must have an IP address. Devices connected to IP networks must be configured to communicate with other hosts (ie, other devices connected to the network). The basic information needed in this configuration is the IP address. DHCP automatically assigns an IP address (dynamic IP address) to devices attempting to connect to the network. That is, instead of being connected to a particular IP address of the device connecting to the network, an IP address that is currently idle from a subnet or "pool" allocated to the network is allocated. For example, in a large company, computers or laptops often move, printers move from one place to another. Without DHCP, when these devices tried to connect to each network, someone had to find an IP address. But DHCP enables it to securely connect to the Internet by assigning an IP address to the computer that is relocating, rebooting, and reopening.
Basically, the DHCP assignment process develops as follows: